Re-assessing the French small-scale coastal fisheries: from fleet activity to economic performance

Type Conference article
Date 2008
Language English
Copyright 2008 ICES
Author(s) Daures Fabienne1, Van Iseghem Sylvie1, Demaneche Sebastien1, Leblond EmilieORCID1, Brigaudeau Cecile2, Guyader Olivier1, Berthou Patrick1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Ifremer
2 : Université Européenne de Bretagne, UMR Amure, 12 rue de Kergoat, 29238 Brest Cedex 3, France
Meeting ICES 2008 Annual Science Conference, 22-26 september 2008, HALIFAX, CANADA
Source ICES 2008 Annual Science Conference, 22-26 september 2008, HALIFAX, CANADA
Keyword(s) Data collection, sampling schemes, economic data, indicator, revenue model, small-scale fisheries
Abstract While the majority of small-scale coastal fisheries are found in developing nations, a considerable number exist in developed nations as well. Indeed, small-scale fisheries are strongly represented in all European Union (EU) Member States, 81% and 87% of the EU 25 whole fleet is composed of vessels less than 12 and 15 meters long respectively. In 2000, European regulation established a fisheries data collection framework including economic information requirements in order to provide the scientific basis for the implementation of the Common Fisheries Policy.

This paper presents the methodology designed to collect the relevant economic data and characterize the status of the French fleets from an economic perspective. Based on stratified sampling plan including the following of small-scale fleets, data collection by field survey is based on a single questionnaire for all the fleets, whatever the size of the vessel, the gear used, the fishing area or the species targeted. It provides a large data set including earnings and costs but also capital, employment, fishing activity figures.

Statistical analysis through a revenue model gives the basis for a re-assessing of the small-scale fisheries contribution to national production. Economic indicators such as gross added value, revenues, and direct employment are derived from the data set. The significant role of small scale fisheries in the French fishing sector is established and the impact of the rising fuel costs in fisheries is discussed.
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Daures Fabienne, Van Iseghem Sylvie, Demaneche Sebastien, Leblond Emilie, Brigaudeau Cecile, Guyader Olivier, Berthou Patrick (2008). Re-assessing the French small-scale coastal fisheries: from fleet activity to economic performance. ICES 2008 Annual Science Conference, 22-26 september 2008, HALIFAX, CANADA. http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00059/16998/