Plankton community composition in relation to availability and uptake of oxidized and reduced nitrogen

Type Article
Date 2003
Language English
Author(s) Berg Gm, Balode M, Purina I, Bekere S, Bechemin Christian, Maestrini Serge
Affiliation(s) Univ Kiel, Dept Marine Biogeochem, Inst Meereskunde, D-24105 Kiel, Germany.
Univ Latvia, Inst Aquat Ecol, LV-2169 Salaspils, Latvia.
CNRS, IFREMER, Ctr Rech Ecol Marine & Aquaculture Houmeau, F-17137 Houmeau, France.
Source Aquatic Microbial Ecology (0948-3055) (Inter-research), 2003 , Vol. 30 , N. 3 , P. 263-274
DOI 10.3354/ame030263
WOS© Times Cited 84
Keyword(s) nitrogen uptake, DON, nitrate, diatoms, cyanobacteria, cryptophytes, Baltic Sea, Gulf of Riga
Abstract Trends in nitrogen utilization, determined with N-15-labeled substrates, were related to blooms of distinct phytoplankton groups in the Gulf of Riga, Baltic Sea, during May, June and July 1999. The dominant phytoplankton groups included diatoms, cryptophytes, dinoflagellates, and filamentous cyanobacteria. As the water column became progressively more stratified over the growing season, diatoms comprised a smaller proportion of the total phytoplankton assemblage and almost disappeared by late summer. Their disappearance correlated with undetectable surface-water nitrate concentrations and low nitrate uptake rates (5 to 8% of total nitrogen uptake). Diatoms were the only phytoplankton group significantly associated with the uptake of oxidized nitrogen (nitrate). Cryptophytes, filamentous cyanobacteria and dinoflagellates were significantly associated with uptake of reduced nitrogen including ammonium, urea, dissolved free amino acids and adenine. Our results indicate that uptake of oxidized and reduced forms of nitrogen can be separated in time and space due to association with distinct phytoplankton groups.
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