||Nakhle Khaled1, Cossa Daniel2, Khalaf Ghaby1, Beliaeff Benoit2
||1 : Natl Ctr Sci Res, Natl Ctr Marine Sci, Batroun, Lebanon.
2 : IFREMER, F-44311 Nantes 03, France.
||Environmental Pollution (0269-7491) (Elsevier), 2006-07 , Vol. 142 , N. 1 , P. 73-82
|WOS© Times Cited
||Lebanon, Mediterranean Sea, Bioconcentration factors, Patella sp, Brachidontes variabilis, Bioindicator, Trace metal
||The mussel, Brachidontes variabilis, and the limpet, Patella sp., were used as indicators to monitor cadmium, lead and mercury concentrations along the Lebanese coast. Studies were carried out in order to define the best strategy for assessing and minimizing the effects of size and physiological condition on the metal contents of the molluscs, and corrective models were constructed. Metal concentrations in surface water were measured to estimate bioconcentration factors (BCFs). The BCFs varied from 8.3 x 10(3) to 3.4 x 10(4), from 7.5 x 10(3) to 8.0 X 10(3) and from 3.0 x 10(4) to 3.2 x 10(4), for Cd, Pb and Hg, respectively. For limpets, BCFs varied from 1.7 x 10(4) to 7.4 x 10(4) for Cd, from 2.5 x 10(3) to 6 x 103 for Pb and remained fairly constant at around 104 for Hg. The highest BCFs were associated with lowest contamination levels. The results of the geographical survey exhibited a similar large-scale spatial pattern for the two species and followed the metal concentration distributions measured in the waters.