Management for mollusc culture in Mexico

Other titles Gestion de la conchyliculture au Mexique
Type Proceedings paper
Date 1992-04
Language English
Author(s) Marcet G, Jimenez F, Rangel C, Arriaga R
Meeting 2. Conference Internationale sur la Purification des Coquillages, Rennes (France), 6-8 Apr 1992
Source Actes de colloques. Ifremer. Brest [ACTES COLLOQ. IFREMER.]. 1995
Keyword(s) Mexico, ASW, Mexico Gulf, Crassostrea corteziensis, Crassostrea gigas, Crassostrea virginica, Bivalvia, Pearl oysters, Pearl culture, Health and safety, Water quality, Self purification, Resource management, Oyster culture
Abstract Mollusc culture began formerly in Mexico in 1800, with the pearl oyster Pinctada mazatlanica. Oyster culture began in a commercial basis in the sixties, as an activity developed by the Mexican government in the Gulf of Mexico, yet the exploitation of the species was until 1989 reserved to fishermen grouped in cooperatives. Production data shows a noticeable variability up to 1986; from then, yearly production averaged 50,000 tonnes of Crassostrea virginica from the Gulf of Mexico. The whole yield is consumed in the country. In order to improve the quality of this product, and to introduce it into the international market, many efforts have been made to certify appropriate areas in the Pacific coast, according with FDA requirements, and projects for installation of depuration facilities are carrying out in Gulf of Mexico, in Veracruz and Tabasco states. These projects consider purification of sea water through UV radiation to depurate organisms, and bottling the shucked oysters, given that it is the usual consumption in the country. An official seal, certified by the ministry of health (secretaria de salud) accordly with the general directorate of aquaculture (direccion general de acuacultura), will guarantee the product. The facilities are going to be used for other species from the Atlantic Ocean, in the pacific region levels of domestic pollution, pesticides and heavy metals are not present or are not of significance, so culturing bivalves in approved areas fulfil the international sanitary requirements.
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Marcet G, Jimenez F, Rangel C, Arriaga R (1992). Management for mollusc culture in Mexico. Actes de colloques. Ifremer. Brest [ACTES COLLOQ. IFREMER.]. 1995.