Comparative analysis of trophic structure and interactions of two tropical lagoons

Type Article
Date 2006-08
Language English
Author(s) Villanueva Ching-MariaORCID1, 2, 5, Laleye P3, Albaret J2, Lae Raymond4, Tito De Morais Luis5, Moreau J1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Inst Natl Polytech Toulouse, Lab Agron Environm & Ecol Toxicol, F-31326 Castanet Tolosan, France.
2 : Univ Abomey Calavi Benin, Fac Sci Agr, Cotonou, Benin.
3 : Inst Rech Dev, Dakar, Senegal.
4 : IFREMER, Ctr Rech Halieut, Brest, France.
5 : IFREMER, IRD, Ctr Rech Halieut, F-34203 Sete, France.
Source Ecological Modelling (0304-3800) (Elsevier), 2006-08 , Vol. 197 , N. 3-4 , P. 461-477
DOI 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2006.03.016
WOS© Times Cited 45
Keyword(s) Ecopath, System maturity, Transfer efficiency, West Africa, Tropical lagoons
Abstract A comparative study of the Ebrie lagoon (Ivory Coast) and Lake Nokoue (Benin) was made based on ecotrophic model outputs that describe each system's structure and functioning. Two models were constructed using the Ecopath software to differentiate main biomass flows in the systems.

Results indicate that biomasses and productions in both ecosystems are concentrated in trophic levels (TL) 2 and 3. Higher TL biomasses and productions in Lake Nokoue compared to Ebrie lagoon may be explained by the presence of acadjas. High production per biomass (P/B) and food consumption per biomass (Q/B) values indicate the high productivity of these systems and the abundance of juveniles in most groups which utilize these systems as refuge zones and nurseries. The difference, however, lies between the principal source of energy and how it is incorporated in the food web of each ecosystem. Lake Nokoue is a detritus-driven ecosystem while Ebrie lagoon is dominated by the phytoplankton pathway. System indicators suggest different levels of ecosystem stability and maturity. Relevance of other observations on ecosystem functioning and indicators in relation to perturbation is discussed. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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