Hydroschorlomite in altered basalts from Hole 1256D, ODP Leg 206: The transition from low-temperature to hydrothermal alteration - art. no. Q10O03
|Author(s)||Laverne Christine1, Grauby Olivier2, Alt Jeffrey C.3, Bohn Marcel4, 5|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Univ Aix Marseille 3, Fac Sci & Tech, Lab Petrol Magmat, F-13397 Marseille 20, France.
2 : CNRS, CRMCN, F-13288 Marseille, France.
3 : Univ Michigan, Dept Geol Sci, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA.
4 : IFREMER, Ctr Brest, CNRS, UMR 6538, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
|Source||Geochemistry, geophysics, geosystems (1525-2027) (American Geophysical Union), 2006-10 , Vol. 7 , P. NIL_50-NIL_78|
|WOS© Times Cited||17|
|Keyword(s)||Mineralogy and petrology : alteration and weathering processes, Mineralogy and petrology : hydrothermal systems, Hydrogarnet, Titanium, Alteration halo, Low temperature alteration, Oceanic basalt|
|Abstract||Hydroschorlomite, a Ti-, Ca-, Fe-rich andraditic garnet present in the deepest cores of basalts (661-749 mbsf) drilled in Hole 1256D during Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 206 (equatorial east Pacific), is reported here for the first time in oceanic crust. Detailed petrological and mineralogical studies by optical microscope, electron microprobe, scanning and transmission electron microscope, and micro-Raman spectroscopy are used to characterize this hydrogarnet and its relationships with other minerals. Hydroschorlomite occurs in Hole 1256D as small (5-50 mu m) anhedral or euhedral crystals associated either with celadonite in black halos adjacent to celadonite veins or with brown saponitic phyllosilicate in brown alteration halos adjacent to veins of saponite and iron oxyhydroxides. Both types of halos are formed at low temperature (less than about 100 degrees C). Textural observations suggest that hydroschorlomite formation is contemporaneous with the phyllosilicates. Hydroschorlomite is rich in CaO (22.5-26.5 wt%), TiO2 (22.0-28.6 wt%), and FeOt (6.2-12.9 wt%) and contains significant F (up to 0.85 wt%) and Zr2O3 (up to 0.34 wt%). The presence of OH suggested by the low total percentages of oxides (95.2-97.3 wt%) is confirmed by the OH vibration at 3557 cm(-1) in the micro-Raman spectrum. Chemical mapping indicates that hydroschorlomite is not zoned and is always associated with either celadonitic or saponitic phyllosilicates. Some hydroschorlomite crystals partly include tiny(<10 mu m) skeletal titanomagnetite. The occurrence of hydroschorlomite in Hole 1256D basalts coincides with a general downward increase in temperatures and overall intensity of alteration manifest by the alteration of plagioclase and the occurrence of small amounts of mixed-layer chlorite-smectite. The titanium necessary to form hydroschorlomite is provided by the breakdown of primary tiny (<10 mu m) titanomagnetite, while calcium is provided by the replacement of plagioclase by albite. Hydroschorlomite is thus an indicator of alteration of titanomagnetite under conditions transitional from low-temperature alteration to hydrothermal metamorphism with formation of titanite and may affect magnetic properties of the rocks.|