Linking the Canary and Cape-Verde hot-spots, Northwest Africa

Type Article
Date 2006-09
Language English
Author(s) Patriat MartinORCID1, Labails Cinthia1
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, DCB, GM, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
Source Marine Geophysical Researches (0025-3235) (Springer), 2006-09 , Vol. 27 , N. 3 , P. 201-215
DOI 10.1007/s11001-006-9000-7
WOS© Times Cited 22
Keyword(s) Maio, Hot spots, Fuerteventura, Cape Verde, Canary
Abstract The Canary and Cape-Verde archipelagos are two groups of volcanic islands often cited as case examples of the surface expression of two distinct hot-spot plumes. However, several considerations that we enumerate suggest a link between the two archipelagos. Using seismic profiles we describe a continuous morphological basement ridge that exists between the two archipelagos. We then examine the stratigraphic record available from field data on Fuerteventura Island (Canary) and Maio Island (Cape-Verde) and from a few Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) holes. The geological history of these volcanic islands is very similar since the formation of their oceanic basement during the Late Jurassic. They share the same and synchronious sedimentary evolution (subsidence, uplift and emersion) as well as very similar timing of volcanism and deformation. The two distinct hot-spots model does not appear adapted to account for the formation of these structures as it ignores the existence of the ridge, as well as most of the geological coincidences. By describing the coinciding geological incidents, we argue that it is misleading to treat these two regions apart.
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