Variation of heavy metal concentrations (Ag, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Pb, V, and Zn) during the life cycle of the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis

Type Article
Date 2006-05
Language English
Author(s) Miramand Pierre1, 2, 4, Bustamante Paco1, 4, Bentley Daniel2, Koueta Noussithe3
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ La Rochelle, CNRS, FRE 2727, Lab Biol & Environm Marins, F-17042 La Rochelle, France.
2 : Conservatoire Natl Arts & Metiers, Inst Sci & Tech Mer, F-50103 Cherbourg, France.
3 : Univ Caen, IFREMER, UMR, Lab Biol & Biotechnol Marines, F-14000 Caen, France.
Source Science of The Total Environment (0048-9697) (Elsevier), 2006-05 , Vol. 361 , N. 1-3 , P. 132-143
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.10.018
WOS© Times Cited 60
Keyword(s) Embryogenesis, Sexual maturity, Cephalopods, Detoxification, Bioaccumulation, Trace element
Abstract The developmental changes in the concentration of 8 essential and non-essential heavy metals (Ag, Cd, Cu, Co, Fe, Pb, V, Zn) in the tissues (digestive gland, cuttlebone and whole animal) of the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis collected in the bay of the river Seine were monitored from the end of the embryogenesis until the adult reproductive stage. Compared to embryos, juveniles after hatching displayed much higher concentrations of Ag, Cu, Fe and Zn, suggesting an efficient incorporation from seawater. Conversely, the amounts of Cd, Pb and V in hatchlings remained constant suggesting that these metals are barely bioavailable for juveniles. Once the juveniles start to feed, the digestive gland appears to play a major role in the storage of all metals. After only one month of benthic life, the digestive gland already contains up to 90% of the total metal body burden, indicating that it plays a major role in the storage and presumed detoxification of the selected metals. Metal concentrations in the digestive gland increase in a logarithmic fashion with age during the entire life of cuttlefish, except for Ag, which decreases as soon as cuttlefish migrate to open sea. This strongly suggests that (1) Ag is excreted from the digestive gland in relation to presumably lower exposure in less contaminated environments compared to coastal waters and (2) the digestive gland of cephalopods could be a very good indicator of Ag contamination in the marine environment. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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