Morphology and environment of cold-water coral carbonate mounds on the NW European margin

Type Article
Date 2007-02
Language English
Author(s) Wheeler Andrew J.1, Beyer A3, Freiwald A4, De Haas H5, Huvenne V. A. I.6, Kozachenko M1, Olu Karine7, Opderbecke Jan8
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Coll Cork, Dept Geol, Cork, Ireland.
2 : Univ Coll Cork, Environm Res Inst, Cork, Ireland.
3 : Alfred Wegener Inst Polar & Marine Res, D-27568 Bremerhaven, Germany.
4 : Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Inst Paleontol, D-91054 Erlangen, Germany.
5 : Royal Netherlands Inst Sea Res NIOZ, NL-1790 AB Den Burg, Netherlands.
6 : Univ Ghent, Renard Ctr Marine Geol, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
7 : IFREMER, Ctr Brest, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
8 : IFREMER, Underwater Robot, Navigat & Vis Dept, F-83507 La Seyne Sur Mer, France.
Source International Journal of Earth Sciences (1437-3254) (Springer), 2007-02 , Vol. 96 , N. 1 , P. 37-56
DOI 10.1007/s00531-006-0130-6
WOS© Times Cited 133
Keyword(s) Seabed mapping, Environmental setting, Morphology, Cold water coral, Carbonate mound
Abstract Cold-water coral carbonate mounds, owing their presence mainly to the framework building coral Lophelia pertusa and the activity of associated organisms, are common along the European margin with their spatial distribution allowing them to be divided into a number of mound provinces. Variation in mound attributes are explored via a series of case studies on mound provinces that have been the most intensely investigated: Belgica, Hovland, Pelagia, Logachev and Norwegian Mounds. Morphological variation between mound provinces is discussed under the premise that mound morphology is an expression of the environmental conditions under which mounds are initiated and grow. Cold-water coral carbonate mounds can be divided into those exhibiting "inherited" morphologies (where mound morphology reflects the morphology of the colonised features) and "developed" morphology (where the mounds assume their own gross morphology mainly reflecting dominant hydrodynamic controls). Finer-scale, surface morphological features mainly reflecting biological growth forms are also discussed.
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Wheeler Andrew J., Beyer A, Freiwald A, De Haas H, Huvenne V. A. I., Kozachenko M, Olu Karine, Opderbecke Jan (2007). Morphology and environment of cold-water coral carbonate mounds on the NW European margin. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 96(1), 37-56. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-006-0130-6 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/2411/