||Coutard Francois1, Lozach Solen1, Pommepuy Monique1, Hervio Heath Dominique1
||1 : IFREMER, Microbiol Lab, Dept Environm Microbiol & Phycotoxines, DCN EMP, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
||Applied and environmental microbiology (0099-2240) (American society for microbiology), 2007-08 , Vol. 73 , N. 16 , P. 5183-5189
|WOS© Times Cited
||A real-time reverse transcription-PCR method was developed to determine whether the recovery of culturability of viable but nonculturable (VBNC) Vibrio parahaemolyticus induced the expression of virulence genes coding for the thermostable direct hemolysin and for type III secretion system 2 (TTSS2). The culturability of clinical strain Vp5 of V. parahaemolyticus in artificial seawater at 4°C was monitored, and the VBNC state was obtained. One day after entry into the VBNC state, temperature upshifts to 20 and 37°C allowed the recovery of culturability. Standard curves for the relative quantification of expression of the housekeeping genes rpoS, pvsA, fur, and pvuA; the tdh2 gene; and the TTSS2 genes (VPA1354, VPA1346, and VPA1342) were established. The levels of expression of the pvsA and pvuA genes were stable and were used to normalize the levels of expression of the other genes. No transcriptional induction of the selected virulence genes under the temperature conditions used to recover the culturability of the VBNC bacteria was observed. The study results demonstrate that the recovery of culturability of VBNC cells of pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus is restricted to regrowth, without correlation with the induction of virulence gene expression. Disease induction would depend mainly on host-pathogen interactions that allow the expression of the virulence genes. This is the first time that the use of mRNA to detect viable cells was evaluated by computing the half-lives of multiple mRNA species under conditions inducing the VBNC state.