Ambient flow velocity and resulting clearance rates of the terebellid polychaete Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1766)

Type Article
Date 2007-10
Language English
Author(s) Denis L1, Desroy NicolasORCID2, Ropert MichelORCID2
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Sci & Technol Lille, Stn Marine Wimereux, CNRRS FRE 2816, ELICO, F-62930 Wimereux, France.
2 : IFREMER, Lab Environm & Res Normandie, F-14540 Port En Bessin, France.
Source Journal of Sea Research (1385-1101) (Elsevier), 2007-10 , Vol. 58 , N. 3 , P. 209-219
DOI 10.1016/j.seares.2007.03.005
WOS© Times Cited 9
Keyword(s) Recirculating flume, Feeding activity, Terebellidea, Polychaetes, Clearance rate, Lanice conchilega
Abstract A laboratory flume study was conducted to determine the effect of flow velocity on clearance rates of the Polychaeta Terebellidea Lanice conchilega (Pallas, 1966). Using sets of 75 individuals collected along the east coast of the English Channel, we measured clearance rates at five flow velocities of approximate to 4, 9, 15, 22 and 27 cm s(-1) with a culture of the diatom Chaetoceros calcitrans as food source. During each control (without polychaetes) or clearance (with Lanice conchilega) experiment, in vivo fluorescence was continuously monitored. Further HPLC analysis confirmed the sediment resuspension for the highest flow velocities tested, indicating the need for 'corrections' from control experiments. The global pattern resulted in a dome-shaped curve, with a corrected clearance rate per individual increasing with flow velocity from an average value of 0.091 +/- 0.041 L h(-1) gDW(-1) at 4 cm s(-1) up to a maximal value of0.171 +/- 0.046 L h(-1) ind(-1) at 15 cm s(-1) and decreasing for higher flow velocity (0.063 +/- 0.029 L h(-1) ind(-1) at 27 cm s(-1)). When non-nalised to average Dry Weight (DW), the clearance rates varied in a wider range, with maximal clearance rates of up to 0.749 L h(-1) gDW(-1) and a marked dome-shaped structure for small individuals (11.9 +/- 5.4 mg Ash Free Dry Weight), whereas larger individuals (up to 30 mg AFDW) showed maximal clearance rates of around 0.400 L h(-1) gDW(-1). Our results indicate the need to take flow velocity into account in estimating the ecological impact of filter-feeding polychactes on available food, as large budget underestimates may arise from clearance rates measured in non-controlled flow velocity. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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