The multi-component structuration of the species diversity of groundfish assemblages of the east coast of Corsica (Mediterranean Sea): Variation according to the bathymetric strata
|Author(s)||Merigot B1, Bertrand Jacques2, Gaertner J1, Durbec J1, Mazouni N3, Mante C1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Univ Aix Marseille 2, CNRS, UMR 6117, LMGEM,Ctr Oceanol Marseille, F-13009 Marseille, France.
2 : IFREMER, Dept Ecol & Modeles Pour Halieut, F-44311 Nantes 03, France.
3 : CEPRALMAR, F-34000 Montpellier, France.
|Source||Fisheries Research (0165-7836) (Elsevier), 2007-12 , Vol. 88 , N. 1-3 , P. 120-132|
|WOS© Times Cited||22|
|Keyword(s)||Mediterranean Sea, Corsica, Taxonomic relatedness, Bathymetry, Diversity indices, Demersal fish|
|Abstract||The multi-component aspect of species diversity of groundfish assemblages was examined on the basis of a set of experimental trawl surveys conducted on the east coast of Corsica. We analysed and compared the structuration of diversity within three different bathymetric strata: the continental shelf (60-120 m depth), the upper slope (250-400 m) and the lower slope (450-570 m). For each of these three bathymetric strata, we simultaneously analysed 12 indices that are theoretically complementary and relate to 4 diversity components: (1) the number of species, (2) rarity, (3) evenness and (4) taxonomic diversity. Principal component analysis based on Spearman's correlation coefficients was carried out to investigate empirical relationships between the selected indices. Our results showed not only that a single diversity index cannot provide a complete view of the groundfish diversity along the east coast of Corsica, but also that-in some cases-one index cannot even encapsulate a complete description of a specific diversity component. We also found that the nature and the number of independent diversity components slightly varied from one bathymetric stratum to another. The main differences-which mainly occurred in the deepest bathymetric stratum-might be associated with lower density of individuals and lower dominance of some species at deeper depths. Finally, this study is the first dealing with groundfish diversity in this area, which is currently characterized by one of the lowest fishing intensity rates in the northern Mediterranean Sea. It might be considered as a first '' reference state '' with a view to monitoring the spatio-temporal changes in species diversity patterns along the east coast of Corsica in the future. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|