Spatio-temporal structure of the epipelic diatom assemblage from an intertidal mudflat in Marennes-Oleron Bay, France

Type Article
Date 2005-08
Language English
Author(s) Haubois Anne-Gaelle1, 2, Sylvestre F3, Guarini Jean-Marc2, 4, Richard Pierre2, 4, Blanchard G1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ La Rochelle, CNRS, FRE 2727, Lab Biol & Environm Marins, F-17042 La Rochelle, France.
2 : IFREMER, CNRS, UMR10, Ctr Rech Ecosyst Marins & Aquacoles, F-17137 Lhoumeau, France.
3 : Univ Angers, Lab Etude Bioindicateurs Actuels & Fossiles, EA 2644, F-49045 Angers, France.
Source Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science (0272-7714) (Elsevier), 2005-08 , Vol. 64 , N. 2-3 , P. 385-394
DOI 10.1016/j.ecss.2005.03.004
WOS© Times Cited 53
Keyword(s) Cell volume, Assemblage structure, Species composition, Epipelic diatoms, Intertidal mudflat
Abstract Spatio-temporal changes in taxonomic composition and structure of an epipelic diatom assemblage from an intertidal mudflat on the French Atlantic coast was studied over an annual cycle along a cross-shore transect. The assemblage structure was described by estimating both relative abundance and contribution to biovolume of each species. Results showed that the assemblage was numerically dominated by small-sized species (mean relative abundance of 91%). Large species, however, significantly contributed to the total biovolume (mean contribution to biovolume of 49%). A factorial correspondence analysis indicated that the epipelic assemblage was relatively homogeneous along the cross-shore transect but emphasized the seasonal succession of diatom species. In relative abundance, the assemblage structure was characterized by the dominance of the small species Navicula phyllepta throughout the year with a seasonal succession of secondary species, including only one large diatom (Gyrosigma peisonis). In biovolume, small (N. phyllepta and Navicula gregaria) and large species (Pleurosigma angulatum and G. peisonis) alternatively dominated the assemblage. Describing the epipelic assemblage using cell volume emphasized the contribution of large species and revealed that the assemblage contained two diatom fractions, characterized by different biological and physiological behaviours, which may alternatively represent a large proportion of the biomass. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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