Ecophysiological model of growth and reproduction of the black pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera: potential applications for pearl farming in French Polynesia

Type Article
Date 2000-06
Language English
Author(s) Pouvreau StephaneORCID, Bacher CedricORCID, Heral Maurice
Affiliation(s) CREMA, CNRS, IFREMER, F-17137 Lhoumeau, France.
IFREMER COP, Taravao, Tahiti, Fr Polynesia.
Source Aquaculture (0044-8486) (Elsevier), 2000-06 , Vol. 186 , N. 1-2 , P. 117-144
DOI 10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00373-7
WOS© Times Cited 59
Keyword(s) Pearl farming, Food depletion, Scope for growth, Carrying capacity, Suspension feeding, Tropical lagoon
Abstract A model of bioenergetics of the black pearl oyster (Pinctada margaritifera) was built to simulate growth, reproduction and spawning in suspended culture at field sites in Takapoto lagoon (French Polynesia). This model was based on allometric scaling of physiological functions and scope for growth (SFG) calculations. The input functions were clearance rate (CR, 1 day(-1)), retention efficiency (RE, %) for each kind of particle encountered in suspended matter, pseudofaeces and faeces productions (PF and F, mg C day(-1)), excretion and respiration rate (U and R, mg C day(-1)). The assimilated carbon (i.e., SFG, mg C day(-1)) was partitioned to the three internal state variables (somatic tissue, shell and gonad) according to the asymptotic increase of the reproductive effort (ER, %) with the age. Given organic and mineral particulate matter in suspension in lagoon water (POM and PIM, mg L-1) and assuming that the taxonomic composition of POM was fairly constant throughout the year, the model predicted annual evolution of total tissue weight (W-Tissue, g dry weight), shell weight (W-Shell, g DW) and gonad weight (W-Gonad, g DW) of pearl oysters at various ages. Data on tissue and shell growth, but also on gonad development of cultivated pearl oysters, acquired in 1997-1998 in Takapoto lagoon, were used to validate the model outputs. Results of the simulations indicated that the P. margaritifera growth model provided realistic growth trajectories for shell, somatic tissue and gonad, for pearl oysters aged from 1 to 4 years.
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