Factors influencing primary production of seagrass beds (Zostera noltii Hornem.) in the Thau lagoon (French Mediterranean coast)
|Author(s)||Plus Martin, Deslous-Paoli Jean-Marc, Auby Isabelle, Dagault Francoise|
|Affiliation(s)||Lab IFREMER DEL ST, F-34203 Sete, France.
Lab IFREMER DRV RA, F-34250 Palavas Les Flots, France.
Lab IFREMER DEL AR, F-33120 Arcachon, France.
|Source||Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology (0022-0981) (Elsevier), 2001-04 , Vol. 259 , N. 1 , P. 63-84|
|WOS© Times Cited||49|
|Keyword(s)||Nitrogen contents, Temperature, Intercepted light by canopies, Seagrass ecosystem, Primary production|
|Abstract||The primary production and the respiration of Zostera noltii beds in the Thau lagoon were studied by means of the benthic bell jar technique, Concurrently, environmental data (temperature, light and nutrients) as well as morphological data of seagrass meadows (leaf width and height, density of shoots, above/below-ground biomass ratio) were collected with the purpose of explaining most of the observed variations in metabolism, Seagrass plus epiphyte respiration rates were influenced mainly by the water temperature, showing a typical exponential response to an increase in temperature, Surprisingly, measurements of production rates were not related to incoming light intensities recorded at the seagrass canopy level, An equation frequently used for terrestrial standing crops, involving the leaf area index (LAI) and the characteristics of the canopy architecture (parameter K, depending on leaves optical and geometrical properties), was applied to the seagrass ecosystem in order to estimate the light energy actually available for the plants, i.e. the light intercepted by the seagrass canopy (Q(abs)). Linear relationships were then validated between gross production rates and calculated Q(abs) for Z. noltii beds, and the best fits were obtained with K values nearing 0.6, confirming the similarities between terrestrial graminaceae and seagrasses, A linear regression model for primary production is proposed, involving the calculated Q(abs), the water temperature and the leaf nutrient content.|