Field and mesocosm trials on passive sampling for the study of adsorption and desorption behaviour of lipophilic toxins with a focus on OA and DTX1
|Author(s)||Fux E1, 2, Marcaillou-Le Baut Claire3, Mondeguer Florence3, Bire R1, Hess Philipp1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Inst Marine, Galway, Ireland.
2 : Dublin Inst Technol, Sch Chem & Pharmaceut Sci, Dublin 8, Ireland.
3 : IFREMER, F-44311 Nantes, France.
|Source||Harmful Algae (1568-9883) (Elsevier), 2008-08 , Vol. 7 , N. 5 , P. 574-583|
|WOS© Times Cited||43|
|Keyword(s)||Polymeric resin, Dinophysistoxin 1, Okadaic acid, SPATT, Prorocentrum lima|
|Abstract||It has been demonstrated that polymeric resins can be used as receiving phase in passive samplers designed for the detection of lipophilic marine toxins at sea and was referred to as solid phase adsorption toxin tracking (SPATT). The present study describes the uptake and desorption behaviour of the lipophilic marine toxins okadaic acid (OA) and dinophysistoxin-1 (DTX1) from Prorocentrum lima cultures by five styrene-divinylbenzene based polymeric resins Sepabeads (R) SP850, Sepabeads (R) SP825L, Amberlite (R) XAD4, Dowex (R) Optipore (R) L-493 and Diaion (R) HP-20. All resins accumulated OA and DTX1 from the P. lima culture with differences in adsorption rate and equilibrium rate. Following statistical evaluation, HP-20, SP850 and SP825L demonstrated similar adsorption rates. However, possibly due to its larger pore size, the HP-20 did not seem to reach equilibrium within 72 h exposure as opposed to the SP850 and SP825L. This was confirmed when the resins were immersed at sea for I week on the West Coast of Ireland. Furthermore, this work also presents a simple and efficient extraction method suitable to SPATT samplers exposed to artificial or natural culture media. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|