Haematological and physiological characteristics of diploid and triploid sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax L.

Type Article
Date 2005-02
Language English
Author(s) Peruzzi Stefano, Varsamos Stamatis, Chatain Beatrice, Fauvel Christian, Menu Bruno, Falguiere Jean-Claude, Severe Armelle, Flik Gert
Affiliation(s) Univ Tromso, Norwegian Coll Fishery Sci, N-9037 Tromso, Norway.
IFREMER, Lab Rech Piscicole Mediterranee, DRV, RA,Cjem Maguelone, F-34250 Palavas Les Flots, France.
Catholic Univ Nijmegen, Dept Anim Physiol, NL-6525 ED Nijmegen, Netherlands.
IFREMER, Lab Adapt Reprod & Nure Poissons Marins, DRV, Ctr Brest, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
Source Aquaculture (0044-8486) (Elsevier), 2005-02 , Vol. 244 , N. 1-4 , P. 359-367
DOI 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.11.028
WOS© Times Cited 38
Keyword(s) Dicentrarchus labrax, Sea bass, Triploid, Diploid, Physiology, Haematology
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine whether diploid and triploid sea bass differed in terms of main haematological and physiological characteristics. Diploid and triploid fish were produced by sub-optimal pressure treatments and held in communal environments under standard rearing conditions. Total red blood cell count (RBCC), haemoglobin concentration (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), mean cell volume (MCV), mean cellular haemoglobin content (MCH), mean cell haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), plasma metabolites, osmotic pressure, gill Na+/K+-ATPase activity, electrolytes, cortisol, and 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine (T-3) were measured and compared. Triploidisation in sea bass led to an increase in erythrocyte size (32% in cytoplasm surface area, and 50% in nucleus) and a decrease in erythrocyte number (similar to34%). Haemoglobin and basal plasma cortisol levels were significantly lower in triploid sea bass than in diploids. There were also differences between ploidies in the plasma concentrations of some electrolytes, with triploids showing lower concentrations of K, Fe, Zn, S, and Cu than their diploid counterparts.
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