Large gas hydrate accumulations on the eastern Nankai Trough inferred from new high-resolution 2-D seismic data

Type Article
Date 2004-07
Language English
Author(s) Nouze Herve, Henry P, Noble M, Martin V, Pascal G
Affiliation(s) Geosci Marines, Ifremer Ctr Brest, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
Ecole Normale Super, Geol Lab, UMR 8538, Paris, France.
Ecole Mines Paris, Ctr Rech Geophys, F-77305 Fontainebleau, France.
Source Geophysical Research Letters (0094-8276) (American Geophysical Union), 2004-07 , Vol. 31 , N. 13 , P. NIL_27-NIL_30
DOI 10.1029/2004GL019848
WOS© Times Cited 16
Keyword(s) Zone, Model, Ridge, Methane gas, Marine sediments
Abstract Previous studies have revealed the presence of a widespread Bottom Simulating Reflector (BSR) on the eastern Nankai slope, as well as the occurrence of enigmatic high amplitude reflections that extend well above the BSR. New high-resolution 2-D seismic data were collected on the eastern Nankai slope, during the French-Japanese SFJ cruise in year 2000 and AVA analyses of the enigmatic reflectors are conducted. At the studied location, these analyses suggest that high amplitude anomalies above the BSR delineate the top of gas hydrate rich sediments. Several tens % of the sediment porosity would be filled with gas hydrates between the BSR and a sharp boundary 30 to 60 m above. To account for these observations, we propose that an invasion by free gas of the present day gas hydrate stability zone occurred in the past. Several mechanisms for this intrusion are discussed.
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