Aichi Virus, Norovirus, Astrovirus, Enterovirus, and Rotavirus Involved in Clinical Cases from a French Oyster-Related Gastroenteritis Outbreak
|Author(s)||Le Guyader Soizick1, Le Saux Jean-Claude1, Ambert-Balay Katia2, Krol Joanna1, Serais Ophelie3, Parnaudeau Sylvain1, Giraudon Helene2, Delmas Gilles4, Pommepuy Monique1, Pothier Pierre2, Atmar Robert L.5|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : IFREMER, Microbiol Lab, F-44311 Nantes 03, France.
2 : Ctr Hosp Univ, Reference Lab Enter Viruses, Lab Virol & Microbiol Med & Mol, Dijon, France.
3 : IFREMER, Lab Environm Ressources, Sete, France.
4 : Inst Veille Sanitaire, Dept Malad Infect, Unit Infect Enter, St Maurice, France.
5 : Baylor Coll Med, Dept Mol Virol & Microbiol, Houston, TX 77030 USA.
|Source||Journal of Clinical Microbiology (0095-1137) (American Society for Microbiology.), 2008-12 , Vol. 46 , N. 12 , P. 4011-4017|
|WOS© Times Cited||159|
|Abstract||Following a flooding event close to a shellfish production lagoon, 205 cases of gastroenteritis were linked to oyster consumption. Twelve stool samples from different individuals were collected. Analysis showed that eight samples were positive for multiple enteric viruses, and one stool sample had seven different enteric viruses. Analysis of shellfish implicated in the outbreak allowed detection of the same diversity of enteric viruses, with some viral genomic sequences being identical to those obtained from stool sample analysis. Shellfish were contaminated by as many as five different enteric viruses. For the first time in Europe, Aichi virus was identified in oyster samples. Shellfish samples collected over 3 weeks following the outbreak showed a progressive decline in the level of virus contamination as measured by the virus diversity detected and by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR.|