Biosynthesis of medium chain length poly-3-hydroxyalkanoates by Pseudomonas guezennei from various carbon sources

Type Article
Date 2008-11
Language English
Author(s) Simon-Colin Christelle1, Raguenes Gerard1, Costa Bernard2, Guezennec Jean1
Affiliation(s) 1 : BIOMAR BMM, Inst Francais Rech Exploitat Mer, Ctr Brest, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : Biolib, F-98701 Tahiti, Polynese Franca, France.
Source Reactive and Functional Polymers (1381-5148) (Elsevier), 2008-11 , Vol. 68 , N. 11 , P. 1534-1541
DOI 10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2008.08.005
WOS© Times Cited 20
Keyword(s) Carbon substrates, Pseudomonas guezennei, Polymer characterization, Polyhydroxyalkanoates
Abstract The biosynthesis of poly-(3-hydroxyalkanoates) (PHAs) by Pseudomonas guezennei using glucose and/or fatty acids with chain-length from 3 to 18 carbon atoms as carbon sources was investigated. Glucose, acetate, pyruvate, propionate, valerate, hexanoate, heptanoate, octanoate, decanoate, and oleic acid were supplemented in the mineral medium as the sole carbon source or as a mixture for PHAs accumulation. Chemical composition of the resulting PHAs was analysed by coupled gas chromatography mass spectroscopy (GCMS), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). PHAs contained up to 10 different types of 3-hydroxyalkanoic acid units, including saturated 3-hydroxyacids from C4 to C14, and unsaturated monomers as 3-hydroxydodecenoate (3HDde) and 3-hydroxytetradecenoate (3HTde). 3-Hydroxydecanaote (3HD) and 3-hydroxyoctanaote (3HO) were incorporated preferentially except during cultivation on heptanoic acid, when A guezennei synthesized PHAs with a higher concentration of 3-hydroxyheptanoate (3HHp). Thermal analysis indicated semi-crystal line polymers with melting temperatures (T-m) ranging from 42 and 51 degrees C, fusion enthalpy (Delta H-m) comprised between 4 and 22 J/g, and glass transition temperatures (T-g) from -41 to -50 degrees C. Crystallinity index (CI) as deduced from FTIR spectra showed values comprised between 0.32 and 0.37. Molecular weights as determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC-MALLS) ranged from 64200 to 390000 g/mol. The results obtained from this study indicate that P. guezennei is capable of producing a variety of medium chain length (MCL) PHAs via de novo fatty acid biosynthesis and p-oxidation depending on the nature of the carbon source supplied. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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