Co-Modeling Process, Negotiations, and Power Relationships: Some Outputs From a MAB Project on the Island of Ouessant

Type Article
Date 2009-02
Language English
Author(s) Levrel Harold1, 2, Etienne Michel3, Kerbiriou Christian4, Le Page Christophe5, Rouan Mathias6
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, Ctr Brest, Marine Econ Dept, UMR AMURE, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : Museum Natl Hist Nat, UMR CERSP, Plouzane, France.
3 : INRA, Unite Ecodev, Avignon, France.
4 : Museum Natl Hist Nat, CERSP, UMR 5173, F-75231 Paris, France.
5 : UPR GREEN, Cirad, F-34000 Montpellier, France.
6 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, Inst Univ Europeen Mer, Lab Geomer, Plouzane, France.
Source Society & Natural Resources (0894-1920) (Taylor & Francis), 2009-02 , Vol. 22 , N. 2 , P. 172-188
DOI 10.1080/08941920801985817
WOS© Times Cited 12
Keyword(s) Power relationships, Participation, Multi agent system, Co modeling, Co adaptive management
Abstract For many conservation scientists, interdisciplinarity and participation can be efficient in the management of biodiversity. For both methods, new tools and new participative processes such as the so-called co-modeling process are required. The key questions addressed in this article are how group dynamics shape the model and why certain perspectives dominate in a process designed to be democratic. It is necessary, therefore, in order to appreciate the design and the legitimacy of the model that has been co-constructed, to address the questions of both the stakeholders' interests and their status in the process. Our case study is a co-modeling program based in a French biosphere reserve. It enabled us to highlight the key role of the mediator who had to govern social relationships and translate disciplinary jargon into a common technical language through a list of co-modeling rules.
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