Biodiversity of Cold Seep Ecosystems Along the European Margins

Type Article
Date 2009-03
Language English
Author(s) Vanreusel Ann1, Andersen Ann C.2, Boetius Antje3, Connelly Douglas4, Cunha Marina R.5, Decker Carole6, Hilario Ana5, Kormas Konstantinos Ar.7, Maignien Lois8, 9, Olu KarineORCID6, Pachiadaki Maria10, Ritt Benedicte6, Rodrigues Clara5, Sarrazin JozeeORCID6, Tyler Paul, Van Gaever Saskia1, Vanneste Heleen11
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Ghent, Marine Biol Res Grp, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
2 : UPMC, CNRS, Equipe Ecophysiol, UMR 7144, Roscoff, France.
3 : Jacobs Univ Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
4 : Univ Southampton, Geol & Geophys Grp, Natl Oceanog Ctr, Southampton, Hants, England.
5 : Univ Aveiro, CESAM, Dept Biol, P-3800 Aveiro, Portugal.
6 : Ifremer, Ctr Brest, Deep Sea Ecosyst Dept, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
7 : Univ Thessaly, Dept Ichthyol & Aquat Environm, Nea Ionia, Greece.
8 : Univ Ghent, LabMET, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
9 : Univ Ghent, RCMG, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
10 : Univ Crete, Dept Chem, Iraklion, Greece.
11 : Univ Southampton, Sch Ocean & Earth Sci, Southampton SO9 5NH, Hants, England.
Source Oceanography (1042-8275) (The Oceanography Society), 2009-03 , Vol. 22 , N. 1 , P. 110-127
WOS© Times Cited 81
Keyword(s) mosby mud volcano, gulf of mexico, cadiz ne atlantic, deep sea fan, community structure, microbial communities, fluid flow, mediterranean sea, carbonate crusts, norwegian sea
Abstract During the European Commission's Framework Six Programme, HERMES, we investigated three main areas along the European margin, each characterized by the presence of seep-related structures exhibiting different intensity of activity and biological diversity. These areas are: (1) the Nordic margin with the Hakon Mosby mud volcano and many pockmarks, (2) the Gulf of Cadiz, and (3) the eastern Mediterranean with its hundreds of mud volcanoes and brine pool structures. One of the main goals of the HERMES project was to unravel the biodiversity associated with these seep-associated ecosystems, and to understand their driving forces and functions, using an integrated approach. Several multidisciplinary research cruises to these three areas provided evidence of high variability in ecosystem processes and associated biodiversity at different spatial scales, illustrating the "hotspot" nature of these deep water systems.
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Vanreusel Ann, Andersen Ann C., Boetius Antje, Connelly Douglas, Cunha Marina R., Decker Carole, Hilario Ana, Kormas Konstantinos Ar., Maignien Lois, Olu Karine, Pachiadaki Maria, Ritt Benedicte, Rodrigues Clara, Sarrazin Jozee, Tyler Paul, Van Gaever Saskia, Vanneste Heleen (2009). Biodiversity of Cold Seep Ecosystems Along the European Margins. Oceanography, 22(1), 110-127. Open Access version :