Monitoring moored instrument motion by optimal estimation

Type Article
Date 2006-01
Language English
Author(s) Gaillard FabienneORCID1, Terre Thierry1, Guillot A2
Affiliation(s) 1 : Ifremer, Lab Phys Oceans, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : INSU, Div Tech, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
Source Ocean Engineering (0029-8018) (Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd), 2006-01 , Vol. 33 , N. 1 , P. 1-22
DOI 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2005.04.011
WOS© Times Cited 5
Keyword(s) underwater acoustic positioning, acoustic transponder survey, long baseline array
Abstract Many oceanographic applications require the positioning of the underwater sensor at measurement times. We consider here the case of subsurface moored tomographic instruments, where the distance between source and receiver must be known within a few meters. For that purpose, a long baseline array is deployed: this system includes a navigator, attached to the mooring element and an array of three transponders set on the ocean bottom. To process the navigation data collected with such system, we have developed a method based on optimal estimation. The triangulation problem is not a basic spherical constraints one and the specificity of deep underwater positioning, related to the variability of the ocean sound speed profile are pointed out. Correcting terms are proposed and introduced into the system. Simultaneous inversion of all data, defining an overconstrained problem allows to estimate biases and errors. The algorithm is applied here to a dataset collected in the Azores-Canary basin during CAMBIOS experiment.
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