Deferribacter autotrophicus sp nov., an iron(III)-reducing bacterium from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent
|Author(s)||Slobodkina G. B.1, Kolganova T. V.2, Chernyh N. A.1, Querellou Joel3, Bonch-Osmolovskaya E. A.1, Slobodkin A. I.1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Russian Acad Sci, Winogradsky Inst Microbiol, Moscow 117312, Russia.
2 : Russian Acad Sci, Ctr Bioengn, Moscow 117312, Russia.
3 : IFREMER, Ctr Brest, UMR 6197, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
|Source||International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology (1466-5026) (Society for General Microbiology), 2009-06 , Vol. 59 , P. 1508-1512|
|WOS© Times Cited||25|
|Abstract||A thermophilic, anaerobic, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium (designated strain SL50(T)) was isolated from a hydrothermal sample collected at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge from the deepest of the known World ocean hydrothermal fields, Ashadze field (12 degrees 58' 21 '' N 44 degrees 51' 47 '' W) at a depth of 4100 m. Cells of strain SL50(T) were motile, straight to bent rods with one polar flagellum, 0.5-0.6 mu m in width and 3.0-3.5 mu m in length. The temperature range for growth was 25-75 degrees C, with an optimum at 60 degrees C. The pH range for growth was 5.0-7.5, with an optimum at pH 6.5. Growth of strain SL50(T) was observed at NaCl concentrations ranging from 1.0 to 6.0% (w/v) with an optimum at 2.5 % (w/v). The generation time under optimal growth conditions for strain SL50(T) was 60 min. Strain SL50(T) used molecular hydrogen, acetate, lactate, succinate, pyruvate and complex proteinaceous compounds as electron donors, and Fe(III), Mn(IV), nitrate or elemental sulfur as electron acceptors. The G + C content of the DNA of strain SL50(T) was 28.7 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that the closest relative of strain SL50(T) was Deferribacter abyssi JR(T) (95.5 % similarity). On the basis of its physiological properties and phylogenetic analyses, the isolate is considered to represent a novel species, for which the name Deferribacter autotrophicus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SL50(T) (=DSM 21529(T)= VKPM B-10097(T)). Deferribacter autotrophicus sp. nov. is the first described deep-sea bacterium capable of chemolithoautotrophic growth using molecular hydrogen as an electron donor and ferric iron as electron acceptor and CO2 as the carbon source.|