||Sultan Nabil1, Cattaneo Antonio1, Sibuet Jean-Claude1, Schneider Jean-Luc2
||1 : IFREMER, Brest GM, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : Univ Bordeaux 1, CNRS, OASU, UMR EPOC 5805, F-33405 Talence, France.
||International Journal of Earth Sciences (1437-3254) (Springer), 2009-06 , Vol. 98 , N. 4 , P. 823-837
|WOS© Times Cited
||Tsunami, Sumatra, Slope failure, Pore pressure, Earthquake
||The swath bathymetric data acquired during the "Sumatra Aftershocks" cruise from the Sunda trench in the Indian Ocean to the north of the Sumatra Island imaged several scars and deposits. In situ pore pressure measurements using the Ifremer piezometer and coring demonstrate that high excess pore pressure and sediment deformation was generated by a recent event in the scar of the slope failure zone identified by J.T. Henstock and co-authors. This excess pore pressure is localized in the upper sedimentary layers and is not related to an interplate subduction process. Numerical simulations of the hydrological system that take into account the hydro-mechanical properties of the upper sediment layer show that the excess pore pressure and sediment deformations could be generated at the time of the December 26, 2004 Great Sumatra Earthquake.