Low-molecular-weight fucoidan enhances the proangiogenic phenotype of endothelial progenitor cells

Type Article
Date 2005-10
Language English
Author(s) Zemani Faouzia1, Benisvy Danielle1, Galy Fauroux Isabelle1, Lokajczyk Anna1, Colliec-Jouault SylviaORCID2, Uzan Georges3, Fischer Anne Marie1, Boisson Vidal Catherine1
Affiliation(s) 1 : INSERM, Fac Pharm, U428, F-75270 Paris, France.
2 : IFREMER, Nantes, France.
3 : Hop Paul Brousse, INSERM, U506, Villejuif, France.
Source Biochemical Pharmacology (0006-2952) (Elsevier), 2005-10 , Vol. 70 , N. 8 , P. 1167-1175
DOI 10.1016/j.bcp.2005.07.014
WOS© Times Cited 69
Keyword(s) Fucoidan, FGF 2, Endothelial progenitor cells, Angiogenesis, Alpha 6
Abstract Endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) transplantation is a potential means of inducing neovascularization in vivo. However, the number of circulating EPC is relatively small, it may thus be necessary to enhance their proangiogenic properties ex vivo prior to injection in vivo. Fucoidan has previously been shown to potentiate in vitro tube formation by mature endothelial cells in the presence of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2). We therefore examined whether fucoidan, alone or combined with FGF-2, could increase EPC proangiogenic potency in vitro. EPC exposure to 10 mu g/ml fucoidan induced a proangiogenic phenotype, including cell proliferation (p < 0.01) and migration (p < 0.01); moreover, differentiation into vascular cords occurred in the presence of FGF-2 (p < 0.01). This latter effect correlated with upregulation of the cell-surface alpha 6 integrin subunit of the laminin receptor (P < 0.05). Compared to untreated HUVEC, untreated EPC alpha 6 expression and adhesion to laminin were enhanced two-fold. Fucoidan treatment further enhanced HUVEC but not EPC adhesion to laminin. These results show that fucoidan enhances the proangiogenic properties of EPC and suggest that ex vivo cc fucoidan preconditioning of EPC might lead to increased neovascularization when injected into ischemic tissues.
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Zemani Faouzia, Benisvy Danielle, Galy Fauroux Isabelle, Lokajczyk Anna, Colliec-Jouault Sylvia, Uzan Georges, Fischer Anne Marie, Boisson Vidal Catherine (2005). Low-molecular-weight fucoidan enhances the proangiogenic phenotype of endothelial progenitor cells. Biochemical Pharmacology, 70(8), 1167-1175. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bcp.2005.07.014 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/679/