PCDD/F, PBDE, and nonylphenol contamination in a semi-enclosed bay (Masan Bay, South Korea) and a Mediterranean lagoon (Thau, France)

Type Article
Date 2009-10
Language English
Author(s) Hong Sang Hee1, Munschy Catherine2, Kannan Narayanan1, Tixier Celine2, Tronczynski Jacek2, Moisan Karine2, Shim Won Joon1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Korea Ocean Res & Dev Inst, Oil & POPs Res Grp, Jangmok Myon 656834, Geoje Shi, South Korea.
2 : IFREMER, Lab Biogeochem Organ Contaminants, F-44311 Nantes 3, France.
Source Chemosphere (0045-6535) (Elsevier), 2009-10 , Vol. 77 , N. 6 , P. 854-862
DOI 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.07.063
WOS© Times Cited 46
Keyword(s) Waste chemical tracer, Organohalogen contaminant, Mussel, Sediment, Marine environment
Abstract Chemical contamination of the coastal marine environment by polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) was assessed along with emerging contaminants such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in an industrially well-developed country (France) and a fast-developing country (Korea). Other chemicals, i.e. nonylphenol (NP) and 5 beta(H)-cholestan-3 beta-ol (coprostanol) were determined to trace industrial waste and/or domestic inputs. These compounds were analyzed in coastal sediments and mussels in two enclosed coastal water bodies: Masan Bay (South Korea) and Thau lagoon (France). The overall levels of target organic contaminants were higher in Masan Bay than in Thau lagoon. The mean concentrations of 17 PCDD/Fs, 13 PBDEs, NP and coprostanol in Masan Bay sediments were, respectively, 1.3, 11, 248 and 291 ng g(-1) dry weight (d.w.); in Thau lagoon sediments they were, respectively, 0.39, not detectable (nd), 23 and 395 ng g(-1) d.w. Mean concentrations in mussels (coprostanol and cholestanol were not measured) were 0.0093, 13, 140 ng g(-1) d.w. in Masan Bay and 0.016, 0.94, 38 ng g(-1) d.w. in Thau lagoon. Principal component analysis of the contaminants and chemical tracers indicates possible point sources of pollution for Masan Bay and Thau lagoon. This study highlights a growing pollution problem in Asia and in particular a tremendous uptrend in Korea, in comparison to more controlled discharges and releases in Western Europe. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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