Submersion time, depth, substrate type and sampling method as variation sources of marine periphyton
|Author(s)||Richard Marion1, 2, Trottier C.1, Verdegem M. C. J.3, Hussenot Jerome4|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : IFREMER, F-17137 Lhoumeau, France.
2 : Univ Rochelle, CNRS, UMR 6250, F-17042 La Rochelle 01, France.
3 : Wageningen Univ, Dept Anim Sci, Aquaculture & Fisheries Grp, NL-6700 AH Wageningen, Netherlands.
4 : IFREMER, Dept AGSAE, Stn Aquaculture, F-85230 Bouin, France.
|Source||Aquaculture (0044-8486) (Elsevier), 2009-10 , Vol. 295 , N. 3-4 , P. 209-217|
|WOS© Times Cited||19|
|Keyword(s)||Aquaculture, Marine pond, Artificial substrate, Fouling, Periphyton|
|Abstract||Periphyton is an additional food source in African and Asian brackish and freshwater fish ponds. The present study was a preliminary assessment of periphyton development on artificial substrates in temperate marine ponds. The effects of submersion time, substrate type, water depth, and total or partial sampling methods on the quantity and quality of periphyton collected, were evaluated. Four types of substrate (W: wooden poles, S: smooth fiber-glass strips, m: mosquito screen (1 mm-mesh) and M: garden netting (5 mm-mesh)) were deployed in a marine pond, and periphyton was collected 15 and 30 days later. The total amount of periphyton per substrate unit was collected as one sample or as 5 sub-samples. Results showed that (i) periphyton biomass in a marine pond increased between day 15 and day 30, (ii) more periphyton was collected on mosquito screen than on wooden poles, fiberglass strips and garden netting, (iii) periphyton biomass increased with submersion depth, (iv) sub-sampling leads to an underestimate compared to whole unit sampling, and (v) a correction of periphyton weight must be carried out considering the dissolved inorganic salts present in periphyton samples from marine and brackish ponds. Whole substrate unit sampling using a tube and stopper is recommended to avoid underestimation of periphyton development. Finally, the autotrophic fraction in the periphyton communities was very low compared to periphyton developed on biodegradable substrates in fertilized tropical ponds. Studies on fertilization and use of biodegraded substrates (i.e. long-time submerged wood) are recommended to further optimize periphyton development in temperate marine ponds. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|