Dietary TAG source and level affect performance and lipase expression in larval sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)
|Author(s)||Morais Sophia, Cahu Chantal, Zambonino-Infante Jose-Luis, Robin Jean, Ronnestad I, Dinis M, Conceicao L|
|Affiliation(s)||Univ Algarve, CCMAR, P-8005139 Faro, Portugal.
IFREMER, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
Univ Bergen, Dept Zool, N-5007 Bergen, Norway.
|Source||Lipids (0024-4201) (AOCS), 2004-05 , Vol. 39 , N. 5 , P. 449-458|
|WOS© Times Cited||49|
|Keyword(s)||Lipase activity, Dietary, Growth, Larvae, Sea bass, Fish culture|
|Abstract||The influence of dietary TAG source (fish oil, triolein, and coconut oil) and level (7.5 and 15% of the diet) on growth, lipase activity, and mRNA level was studied in sea bass larvae, from mouth opening until day 24 and from day 37 to 52. Fish oil and triolein induced better growth in both experiments, this being significant at a higher dietary level. Coconut oil significantly decreased growth at the higher level, possibly as the result of an excessive supply of medium-chain TAG. Growth was not related to lipase specific activity, suggesting a production in excess to dietary needs. Body lipid content was positively related to dietary lipid level and was affected by lipid quality. In addition, larval FA composition generally reflected that of the diet. The source of dietary lipid, but not the quantity, was shown to affect lipase activity significantly. Coconut oil diets induced the highest lipase activity, whereas the effect of fish oil was age dependent-it was similar to coconut oil at day 24 but induced the lowest lipase activity in 52-d-old larvae. The differential lipase response was probably caused by differences in the FA composition of the diet, related to the specificity of lipase toward FA differing in chain length and degree of saturation. No significant differences were found in lipase/glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase mRNA, which suggests the existence of a posttranscriptional regulation mechanism.|