Minerals as additives for decreasing the toxicity of Mediterranean contaminated dredged sediments

Type Article
Date 2010-10
Language English
Author(s) Mamindy-Pajany Y.1, 2, Galgani FrancoisORCID3, Romeo M.1, Hurel C.2, Marmier N.2
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Fac Sci Ecosyst Marins Cotiers & Reponses Stress, ECOMERS, EA 4228, F-06108 Nice 02, France.
2 : Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Fac Sci, LRSAE, F-06108 Nice, France.
3 : IFREMER, PAC Corse Imm Agostini, ZI Furiani, Lab Environm Ressources, F-20600 Bastia, France.
Source Ecotoxicology And Environmental Safety (0147-6513) (Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science), 2010-10 , Vol. 73 , N. 7 , P. 1748-1754
DOI 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.07.044
WOS© Times Cited 16
Keyword(s) Dredged sediments, Crassostrea gigas larvae, Toxicity, Mineral additive, Sediment management
Abstract The management of dredged sediments is a priority issue in the Mediterranean sea where sediments are historically polluted. The aims of this study were to evaluate the toxicity of port sediment samples and the effect of three mineral additives (hematite, zerovalent iron (ZVI) and natural zeolite (NZ)) on sediment elutriate toxicity. Four sediments (A, B, C and D) were provided by port authorities after composting procedure; particle size, particulate organic carbon, metals and organic pollutants (TBT, PAHs, PCBs) were determined in whole sediments. Elutriates from these composted sediments were analyzed by determining toxicity level using oyster (Crassostrea gigas) larvae bioassay, metal and dissolved organic carbon concentrations. Toxicity, measured on undiluted elutriates (250 g/L), decreased as follows: A >= B > C similar to D. The treatment of sediments with mineral additives (5%) revealed that hematite tends to decrease the elutriate toxicity in all samples, particularly in samples B and C. This effect may be related to metal concentration decrease in elutriates, in particular Cu and Zn, that have a significant toxic effect on oyster larvae. ZVI and NZ have a variable influence on elutriate toxicity. Results suggest that hematite may be a possible candidate for decreasing chemical concentration and improving the quality of elutriates. Hematite could be used for sediment stabilization prior to the deposit in a specific site or landfill. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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