Calcein staining of calcified structures in pearl oyster Pinctada margaritifera and the effect of food resource level on shell growth
|Author(s)||Linard Clementine1, 3, Gueguen Yannick2, Moriceau Jacques1, Soyez Claude1, Hui Belinda1, Raoux Aurore1, Cuif Jean Pierre4, Cochard Jean-Claude1, 5, Le Pennec Marcel1, 3, Le Moullac Gilles1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : IFREMER, Lab Domesticat Huitre Perliere, Ctr Oceanol Pacifique, Taravao 98719, Tahiti, Fr Polynesia.
2 : IFREMER, Lab Biotechnol & Quake Perle, Ctr Oceanol Pacifique, Taravao 98719, Tahiti, Fr Polynesia.
3 : Univ Polynesie Francaise, Lab Biodiversite Terrestre & Marine, CNRS, UMR E44239, Faaa 98702, Tahiti, Fr Polynesia.
4 : Univ Paris 11, Lab Interact & Dynam Environm Surface, UMR IDES 8148, Orsay, France.
5 : IFREMER, Dept Environm Littoral & Ressources Aquacoles, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
|Source||Aquaculture (0044-8486) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2011-03 , Vol. 313 , N. 1-4 , P. 149-155|
|WOS© Times Cited||29|
|Keyword(s)||Bivalvia, Pearl, Shell, Growth, Scanning electron microscope|
|Abstract||Marine mollusc shell growth has been widely measured using fluorochrome marking. In order to test the efficiency and reliability of calcein staining on P. margaritifera shells and pearls, the present study examined two administration methods, different concentrations and several immersion times.Immersion in a 150 mg.L-1 calcein solution for 12 h to 24 h appeared to be the best method for marking P. margaritifera shells. For pearl marking, injection of a 200 mg.L-1 calcein solution into the pearl pouch was the optimal method. Calcein marking was then used to measure the influence of food resource levels on the shell growth. Groups of 23-month-old P. margaritifera were fed at three trophic levels for two months. The two highest food levels tested (6 000 cell.mL-1 and 15 000 cell.mL-1) induced uniform growth between dorsal and ventral sides of shell, whereas the lowest food level (800 cell.mL-1) induced greater growth on the dorsal side. Shell deposits from the ventral side were observed using a scanning electron microscope, revealing that the difference of trophic level over two months had modified the thickness of the aragonite tablets formed. These results showed that trophic level is a major factor conditioning P. margaritifera development.|