The silicon isotopic composition of surface waters in the Atlantic and Indian sectors of the Southern Ocean

Type Article
Date 2011-09
Language English
Author(s) de La Rocha Christina L.1, Bescont Pierre1, Croguennoc Alice1, Ponzevera Emmanuel2
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, IUEM, LEMAR, UMR 6539, F-29280 Plouzane, France
2 : IFREMER, Dept Geosci Marines, Plouzane, France
Source Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta (0016-7037) (Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd), 2011-09 , Vol. 75 , N. 18 , P. 5283-5295
DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2011.06.028
WOS© Times Cited 28
Abstract We report here the silicon isotopic composition (delta(30)Si) of dissolved silicon (DSi) from 42 surface water samples from the Drake Passage, the Weddell Gyre, other areas south of the Southern Boundary of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC), and the ACC near the Kerguelen Plateau, taken between the beginning of February and the end of March 2007. From the beginning to end of the cruise (ANTXXIII/9), DSi diminished in the Antarctic by 50 mu mol L(-1) while concentrations of nitrate + nitrite and phosphate showed no net decline, indicating that the high seasonal Si/N removal ratios well known for the Southern Ocean may be more related to the strength of the silicate pump in the Southern Ocean than to the instantaneous Si/N uptake ratio of diatoms. The delta(30)Si of DSi in samples containing more than 20 mu M DSi were strongly negatively correlated to DSi concentrations, supporting the use of delta(30)Si as a proxy for DSi removal. The "open system" fractionation observed, epsilon = -1.2 +/- 0.11 parts per thousand, agrees well with results from previous work in other areas, and the estimate of the initial delta(30)Si of DSi of + 1.4 parts per thousand is not far off observations of the delta(30)Si of DSi in Winter Water (WW) in this area. Results were used to model DSi draw down in the past from the delta(30)Si of sediment cores, although isotopic fractionation during silica dissolution appeared to influence the d 30 Si of some surface water samples, inviting further study of this phenomenon. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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