Physiological and biochemical indicators of mussel seed quality in relation to temperatures

Type Article
Date 2011-07
Language English
Author(s) Tremblay Rejean1, Landry Thomas2, Leblanc Neil5, Pernet FabriceORCID3, Barkhouse Carla2, Sevigny Jean-Marie4
Affiliation(s) 1 : UQAR, Inst Sci Mer, Rimouski, PQ G5L 3A1, Canada.
2 : Gulf Fisheries Ctr, Aquaculture & Coastal Ecosyst Sect, Dept Fisheries & Oceans, Moncton, NB E1C 9B6, Canada.
3 : IFREMER, Lab Environm Ressources Languedoc Roussillon, F-34203 Sete, France.
4 : Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Inst Maurice Lamontagne, Direct Sci Halieut & Aquaculture, Mont Joli, PQ G5H 3Z4, Canada.
5 : Natl Vet Inst SVA, S-75189 Uppsala, Sweden.
Source Aquatic Living Resources (0990-7440) (Edp Sciences S A), 2011-07 , Vol. 24 , N. 3 , P. 273-282
DOI 10.1051/alr/2011113
WOS© Times Cited 6
Keyword(s) Wild seed, aquaculture, physiological fitness, growth, survival, multi-locus heterozygosity, Mytilus spp.
Abstract The bivalve's aquaculture industry is an important component of the economy in Eastern Canada. Seed collection is an initial and critical activity in most bivalve aquaculture industries including mussel farming in Prince Edward Island, production is entirely dependent on natural spat collection. Although seed supply is not a concern from a quantitative standpoint, there are growing concerns about the quality of natural seed. The general objective of this study was to identify and assess mussel seed quality criteria on the basis of physiological and biochemical status under laboratory and field conditions. The performance, as estimated by metabolic measurements, lipid class composition, multi-locus heterozygosity (MLH) and survival to stressful environment of seed from 6 different stocks sources was first compared under laboratory conditions at 12 degrees C and 25 degrees C. Results showed that MLH varied among the six sources of mussels in a way which is consistent with the physiological and biochemical indicators of seed quality. Mussels from Shippagan (New Brunswick) and Tracadie (Prince Edward Island) were found to have the highest quality scores and the best adaptive capacity to extreme water temperature under laboratory conditions. The results of the stock-site reciprocal field studies are in general agreement with those of the laboratory experiments with higher survival of mussels from Shippagan, Tracadie and St. Peters Bays in the various study sites. Our results suggest that the measure of MLH and survival curves at stressful temperature could be a good criteria combination to identify the improved survival potential of mussels stocks.
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