Quantitative analysis of azaspiracids in Azadinium spinosum cultures

Other titles Analyse quantitative d'azaspiracides dans des cultures d'Azadinium spinosum
Type Article
Date 2012-05
Language English
Author(s) Jauffrais ThierryORCID1, Herrenknecht Christine2, Sechet VeroniqueORCID1, Sibat ManoellaORCID1, Tillmann Urban3, Krock Bernd3, Kilcoyne Jane4, Miles Christopher O.5, McCarron Pearse6, Amzil Zouher1, Hess PhilippORCID1
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, Lab EMP PHYC, F-44311 Nantes, France.
2 : Nantes Atlantique Univ, MMS EA2160, F-44035 Nantes, France.
3 : Alfred Wegener Inst, D-27570 Bremerhaven, Germany.
4 : Oranmore Co, Inst Marine, Rinville, Galway, Ireland.
5 : Norwegian Vet Inst, N-0106 Oslo, Norway.
6 : Natl Res Council Canada, Halifax, NS B3H 3Z1, Canada.
Source Analytical And Bioanalytical Chemistry (1618-2642) (Springer Heidelberg), 2012-05 , Vol. 403 , N. 3 , P. 833-846
DOI 10.1007/s00216-012-5849-2
WOS© Times Cited 23
Keyword(s) Extraction procedure, Extraction artefact, Matrix effects, LC-MS/MS, Azaspiracid methyl ester, Dinoflagellate, Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
Abstract Azaspiracids (AZAs) are secondary metabolites of Azadinium spinosum, that have been shown to cause diarrhetic shellfish poisoning when accumulated in bivalve molluscs. We describe here an analytical procedure for the determination of AZAs in cultures of A. spinosum with a focus on the potential formation of AZA methyl-esters as artefacts in the extraction and sample pre-treatment. A. spinosum cells were collected from bioreactor cultures, using centrifugation or filtration. Different extraction procedures were evaluated for formation of methyl-ester artefacts, yield, and matrix effects. Filtration of cultures using glass-fibre filters led to increased formation of methyl-esters. Hence centrifugation is recommended for recovery of cells. The type of extraction solvent (MeOH, Acetone, ACN) did not significantly affect the yield of AZAs so long as the organic content was 80% or higher. However, the use of MeOH as extraction solvent led to increased formation of methyl-ester artefacts. AZA1 recovery over two successive extractions was 100% at 95% confidence level for acetone and MeOH. In standard addition experiments no significant matrix effects were observed in extracts of A. spinosum or A. obesum up to a sample intake of 4.5*109 µm3. Moreover, experiments carried out to clarify the formation and structure of methylated AZA analogues, led to the description of two new AZAs and the correction of the chemical structures of AZA29-32.
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Jauffrais Thierry, Herrenknecht Christine, Sechet Veronique, Sibat Manoella, Tillmann Urban, Krock Bernd, Kilcoyne Jane, Miles Christopher O., McCarron Pearse, Amzil Zouher, Hess Philipp (2012). Quantitative analysis of azaspiracids in Azadinium spinosum cultures. Analytical And Bioanalytical Chemistry, 403(3), 833-846. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-012-5849-2 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00077/18812/