Differential biomagnification of PCB, PBDE, Hg and Radiocesium in the food web of the European hake from the NW Mediterranean
|Author(s)||Harmelin-Vivien Mireille1, Bodiguel Xavier2, Charmasson Sabine3, Loizeau Veronique4, Mellon Capucine5, Tronczynski Jacek6, Cossa Daniel7|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Aix Marseille Univ, Mediterranean Inst Oceanog, CNRS INSU UMR 7294, F-13288 Marseille 09, France.
2 : IFREMER, Stn Martin, F-97231 Le Robert, Martinique, France.
3 : DEI SESURE LERCM, Inst Radioprotect & Surete Nucl, F-83507 La Seyne Sur Mer, France.
4 : IFREMER, Ctr Brest, Lab Biogeochim Contaminants Organ, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
5 : IFREMER, Ctr Rech Halieut Mediterraneenne & Trop, F-34203 Sete, France.
6 : IFREMER, Ctr Nantes, Lab Biogeochim Contaminants Organ, F-44311 Nantes 03, France.
7 : IFREMER, Ctr Mediterranee, Lab Biogeochim Contaminants Met, F-83507 La Seyne Sur Mer, France.
|Source||Marine Pollution Bulletin (0025-326X) (Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd), 2012-05 , Vol. 64 , N. 5 , P. 974-983|
|WOS© Times Cited||49|
|Keyword(s)||Persistent organic pollutants, Mercury, Cs-137, Merluccius merluccius, Mediterranean|
|Abstract||Consumption of marine organisms represents one of the main exposure sources of contaminants for human populations. To obtain a global view of the contamination in commercial fish in the NW Mediterranean Sea, we analysed four types of priority contaminants (PCBs, PBDEs, Hg and Cs-137) in the European hake, Merluccius merluccius, from the Gulf of Lions in relation with organism's trophic level (delta N-15). All contaminants presented a significant increase in concentration in hake muscle with trophic level. However, obvious differences between contaminants were evidenced. Biomagnification factors (BMF and FWMF) along the hake food web were higher for Hg and CB-153 than for BDE-47 and Cs-137, and increase in contaminant concentration with trophic level occurred at different rates depending on contaminants. Such differences of biomagnification patterns can be related to physico-chemical properties of the different contaminants. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|