Evaluation of the partial renewal of in situ phytoplankton microcosms and application to the impact assessment of bentazon and dimethenamid

Type Article
Date 2012-11
Language English
Author(s) de La Broise Denis1, Stachowski-Haberkorn SabineORCID2
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, LEMAR, IUEM, UEB, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : IFREMER Lab Ecotoxicol, F-44311 Nantes, France.
Source Marine Pollution Bulletin (0025-326X) (Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd), 2012-11 , Vol. 64 , N. 11 , P. 2480-2488
DOI 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.07.039
WOS© Times Cited 2
Keyword(s) Phytoplankton, Microcosm, Herbicides, Dimethenamid, Bentazon
Abstract Microcosms, each consisting of 2 L natural surface seawater maintained in 2.3-L glass bottles, were immersed at a depth of 6 metres. The renewal of ten percent of microcosm volumes was carried out every other day. Phytoplankton-containing seawater was used for renewal (previously filtered through 25-, 50- or 200-μm cut-off). Phytoplankton community pigment analysis (by HPLC) and flow cytometry analysis were performed. After 13 days, data exhibited phytoplankton characteristics in microcosms in the same range as that of the natural surrounding sea water over the same period. Furthermore, in these microcosms, a negative correlation was observed between the filtration cut-off used for renewal water, and the eukaryote cell count. Herbicides were tested as commercial mixtures at 1, 10 and 100 μg.L-1 active principal. Both Frontier® (dimethenamid) and Basamais® (bentazon) induced significant modifications of the phytoplankton populations at every concentration tested. Such results suggest a possible disturbance in polluted coastal areas.
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