Corrosion and Corrosion Management Investigations in Seawater Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plants

Type Article
Date 2013-02
Language English
Author(s) Larche Nicolas1, Dezerville Philippe2, Le Flour Denise3
Affiliation(s) 1 : Marine Corros, Inst Corros, F-29200 Brest, France.
2 : Veolia, Direct Tech & Operat, F-94410 St Maurice, France.
3 : IFREMER, F-29280 Brest, France.
Meeting International Conference on Desalination for the Environment, Clean Water and Energy, European Desalination Society, 23–26 April 2012, Barcelona, Spain
Source Desalination And Water Treatment (1944-3994) (Taylor & Francis Inc), 2013-02 , Vol. 51 , N. 7-9 , P. 1744-1761
DOI 10.1080/19443994.2012.714666
WOS© Times Cited 5
Keyword(s) Corrosion, Seawater reverse osmosis, Metallic materials, Stainless steels, Cathodic protection
Abstract To comply with the demanding operational conditions of seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) process, both in terms of corrosion resistance and mechanical properties, the conventional metallic material selection was often stainless steel for seawater and brines handling units (e.g. pumps, valves and piping). However, many cases of corrosion failures of stainless steel in SWRO desalination units have been reported often attributed to un-adapted stainless steel grade selection and/or to the particular aggressive conditions in “warm” regions where many recent desalination plants are built (high ambient temperature, severe biofouling, etc.). The operational corrosion risk will actually highly depend on the material composition, on the metallurgy (i.e. cast or wrought), on the service conditions and on the geometrical configuration of the concerned units in contact with seawater. Considering all these parameters, a proper material selection should avoid corrosion issue. For existing corrosion, cathodic protection (CP) may be an efficient solution to stop or to control the propagation of the degradation. However, the CP for materials used in SWRO desalination plants and in its specific operational conditions (i.e. high pressure, velocity and confinements) is not well documented; as a result, an adapted CP design is not always possible from existing data. The present paper reviews some corrosion cases of stainless steel and copper-based alloys in SWRO desalination plants. Solutions to manage existing corrosion of metallic materials in SWRO plants are discussed and focus is done on CP of stainless steel elements. Some results of an ongoing investigation about the CP for the specific operational conditions of SWRO desalination plant are presented and discussed.
Full Text
File Pages Size Access
18 839 KB Access on demand
Author's final draft 30 1004 KB Open access
Top of the page