PCBs contamination does not alter aerobic metabolism and tolerance to hypoxia of juvenile sole (Solea solea, L. 1758)

Type Article
Date 2013-02
Language English
Author(s) Cannas Marcella1, Atzori F.3, Rupsard F.4, Bustamante Paco1, Loizeau VeroniqueORCID4, Lefrancois Christelle1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ La Rochelle, CNRS, UMR 7266, Littoral Environm & Soc LIENSs, F-17000 La Rochelle, France.
2 : IFREMER, F-17137 Lhoumeau, France.
3 : Univ La Rochelle, IFREMER, CNRS, Federat Rech Environm Dev Durable FR EDD,FR 3097, F-17000 La Rochelle, France.
4 : IFREMER, Dept Dynam Environm Cotier, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
Source Aquatic Toxicology (0166-445X) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2013-02 , Vol. 127 , P. 54-60
DOI 10.1016/j.aquatox.2012.04.017
WOS© Times Cited 10
Keyword(s) Bioenergetics, Aerobic metabolic scope, Persistent organic pollutant, Flatfish
Abstract Coastal habitats play a major role as nurseries for many fish species; however, they are also submitted to pollutants and oxygen fluctuations. Fry's concept of metabolic scope for activity was used to evaluate the effect of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) on the aerobic metabolism in juvenile common sole (0-1 year old). Aerobic metabolic scope (AMS) in control and PCB-contaminated fish via food pathway was determined using respirometry techniques. Furthermore, the hypoxia tolerance in control and PCB-contaminated fish was evaluated by assessing their critical oxygen concentration (O-2crit). Our results showed that while PCB-contaminated fish were able to maintain a constant AMS and O-2crit, PCBs tend to affect their aerobic metabolism by acting on maximal oxygen consumption (MO2max) in hypoxia and standard metabolic rate, but only at the highest PCB concentration between 30 and 60 days of exposure. In conclusion, we can hypothetise that the tested PCB-exposures may not impair the tolerance to hypoxia and the survival of common sole in their natural environment. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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