The dragon tamed? A molecular phylogeny of the Conoidea (Gastropoda)

Type Article
Date 2011-08
Language English
Author(s) Puillandre N.1, Kantor Yu. I.2, Sysoev A.3, Couloux A.4, Meyer C.5, Rawlings T.6, Todd J. A.7, Bouchet P.1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Museum Natl Hist Nat, Dept Systemat & Evolut, UMR 7138, F-75231 Paris, France.
2 : Russian Acad Sci, AN Severtsov Inst Ecol & Evolut, Moscow 119071, Russia.
3 : Moscow MV Lomonosov State Univ, Zool Museum, Moscow 125009, Russia.
4 : Ctr Natl Sequencage, GENOSCOPE, F-91057 Evry, France.
5 : Smithsonian Inst, Dept Invertebrate Zool, Natl Museum Nat Hist, Washington, DC 20013 USA.
6 : Cape Breton Univ, Dept Biol, Sydney, NS B1P 6L2, Canada.
7 : Nat Hist Museum, Dept Palaeontol, London SW7 5BD, England.
Source Journal Of Molluscan Studies (0260-1230) (Oxford Univ Press), 2011-08 , Vol. 77 , P. 259-272
DOI 10.1093/mollus/eyr015
WOS© Times Cited 76
Abstract The superfamily Conoidea constitutes one of the most diverse and taxonomically challenging groups among marine molluscs. Classifications based on shell or radular characters are highly contradictory and disputed. Whereas the monophyly of the Conidae and Terebridae has not been challenged, the other constituents of the superfamily are placed in a ‘trash’ group, the turrids, the non-monophyly of which has been demonstrated by anatomical and molecular evidence. We present here a new molecular phylogeny based on a total of 102 conoidean genera (87 ‘turrids’, 5 cones and 10 terebrids) and three mitochondrial genes [cytochrome oxidase I (COI), 12S rRNA and 16S rRNA]. The resulting tree recognizes 14 clades. When the Conidae (Conus s.l.) and Terebridae are ranked as families for consistency of usage, the ‘turrids’ must be split into 12 families of comparable rank. A new genuslevel classification of the Conoidea is published in an accompanying paper.
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