Accelerated ageing of polylactide in aqueous environments: Comparative study between distilled water and seawater
|Author(s)||Deroine Morgan1, Le Duigou Antoine1, Corre Yves-Marie1, Le Gac Pierre-Yves2, Davies Peter2, Cesar Guy3, Bruzaud Stephane1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Univ Bretagne Sud, Lab Ingn Mat Bretagne LIMATB, F-56321 Lorient, France.
2 : IFREMER, Ctr Bretagne, Marine Struct Grp, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
3 : Univ Bretagne Sud, SERPBIO, F-56321 Lorient, France.
|Source||Polymer Degradation And Stability (0141-3910) (Elsevier Sci Ltd), 2014-10 , Vol. 108 , P. 319-329|
|WOS© Times Cited||106|
|Keyword(s)||PLA, Accelerated ageing, Hydrothermal ageing, Degradation|
|Abstract||Pollution of nature by plastics is a major environmental problem and the challenge for the future is to manage the lifetime of polymers better. The aim of this study is to establish a baseline on degradation mechanism and degradation kinetics for lifetime prediction of polylactide (PLA) in a marine environment. The ageing of PLA was accelerated by raising temperature in distilled water, filtered and renewed seawater and natural seawater. Samples were immersed in distilled water for six months at different temperatures (25, 30, 40 and 50°C) in order to evaluate the influence of temperature on PLA degradation kinetics and to predict lifetime. Then, samples were immersed in seawater both in the laboratory and at sea, in order to compare the effects of environment, marine organisms and salt, on degradation. The different degradation steps were followed by gravimetry, tensile tests, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), steric exclusion chromatography (SEC) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). In distilled water, accelerated ageing of PLA is complex with deviation from Fickian behaviour at higher temperature. Moreover, immersion in distilled water induces morphological changes, in particular holes, which are absent in seawater at 40°C for the same immersion time. Indeed, seawater has little impact on the diffusion kinetics but affects M∞ values, which are slightly lower compare to the distilled water uptake.|