Experimental study of the turbulence intensity effects on marine current turbines behaviour. Part I: One single turbine

Type Article
Date 2014-06
Language English
Author(s) Mycek Paul1, 2, Gaurier BenoitORCID2, Germain GregoryORCID2, Pinon Gregory1, Rivoalen Elie1, 3
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Havre, CNRS, UMR 6294, Lab Ondes & Milieux Complexes, F-76058 Le Havre, France.
2 : IFREMER, Marine Struct Lab, F-62321 Boulogne Sur Mer, France.
3 : INSA Rouen, EA 3828, Lab Optimisat & Fiabilite Mecan Struct, F-76801 St Etienne, France.
Source Renewable Energy (0960-1481) (Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd), 2014-06 , Vol. 66 , P. 729-746
DOI 10.1016/j.renene.2013.12.036
WOS© Times Cited 201
Keyword(s) Marine current turbine, Performance, Wake, Turbulence, Experiment, Flume tank
Abstract The ambient turbulence intensity in the upstream flow plays a decisive role in the behaviour of horizontal axis marine current turbines.

Experimental trials, run in the IFREMER flume tank in Boulogne-Sur-Mer (France) for two different turbulence intensity rates, namely 3% and 15%, are presented. They show, for the studied turbine configuration, that while the wake of the turbine is deeply influenced by the ambient turbulence conditions, its mean performances turn out to be slightly modified.

The presented conclusions are crucial in the view of implanting second generation turbines arrays. In addition, complete and detailed data sets (wake profiles and performance graphs) are made available to the scientific community in order to encourage further comparisons.
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