RAMA The Research Moored Array for African-Asian-Australian Monsoon Analysis and Prediction

Type Article
Date 2009-04
Language English
Author(s) McPhaden M. J.1, Meyers G.2, Ando K.3, Masumoto Y.4, Murty V. S. N.5, Ravichandran M.6, Syamsudin F.7, Vialard Jerome8, Yu L.9, Yu W.10
Affiliation(s) 1 : NOAA, Pacific Marine Environm Lab, Seattle, WA 98115 USA.
2 : Univ Tasmania, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
3 : Japan Agcy Marine Earth Sci & Technol, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 2370061, Japan.
4 : Univ Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
5 : Natl Inst Oceanog, Reg Ctr, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.
6 : Indian Natl Ctr Ocean Informat Serv, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.
7 : Agcy Assessment & Applicat Technol BPPT, Jakarta, Indonesia.
8 : IRD, Lab Oceanog & Climat Experimentat & Approches Num, Paris, France.
9 : Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
10 : First Inst Oceanog, Qingdao, Peoples R China.
Source Bulletin Of The American Meteorological Society (0003-0007) (Amer Meteorological Soc), 2009-04 , Vol. 90 , N. 4 , P. 459-480
DOI 10.1175/2008BAMS2608.1
WOS© Times Cited 402
Keyword(s) madden julian oscillation, tropical indian ocean, sea heat fluxes, intraseasonal variability, equatorial currents, summer monsoon, interannual variability, arabian sea, el nino, rainfall variability
Abstract The Indian Ocean is unique among the three tropical ocean basins in that it is blocked at 25 degrees N by the Asian landmass. Seasonal heating and cooling of the land sets the stage for dramatic monsoon wind reversals, strong ocean atmosphere interactions, and intense seasonal rains over the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, East Africa, and Australia. Recurrence of these monsoon rains is critical to agricultural production that supports a third of the world's population. The Indian Ocean also remotely influences the evolution of El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), North American weather, and hurricane activity. Despite its importance in the regional and global climate system though, the Indian Ocean is the most poorly observed and least well understood of the three tropical oceans. This article describes the Research Moored Array for African-Asian-Australian Monsoon Analysis and Prediction (RAMA), a new observational network designed to address outstanding scientific questions related to Indian Ocean variability and the monsoons. RAMA is a multinationally supported element of the Indian Ocean Observing System (IndOOS), a combination of complementary satellite and in situ measurement platforms for climate research and forecasting. The article discusses the scientific rationale, design criteria, and implementation of the array. Initial RAMA data are presented to illustrate how they contribute to improved documentation and understanding of phenomena in the region. Applications of the data for societal benefit are also described.
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McPhaden M. J., Meyers G., Ando K., Masumoto Y., Murty V. S. N., Ravichandran M., Syamsudin F., Vialard Jerome, Yu L., Yu W. (2009). RAMA The Research Moored Array for African-Asian-Australian Monsoon Analysis and Prediction. Bulletin Of The American Meteorological Society, 90(4), 459-480. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1175/2008BAMS2608.1 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00185/29632/