Ocean- Atmosphere Interactions During Cyclone Nargis

Type Article
Date 2009-02
Language English
Author(s) McPhaden Mj1, Foltz Jr2, Lee T.3, Murty V. S. N.4, Ravichandran Muthalagu5, Vecchi Ga6, Vialard Jerome7, Wiggert J.D.8, Yu L.9
Affiliation(s) 1 : Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Seattle, Wash., USA
2 : Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
3 : Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., USA
4 : Regional Center, National Institute of Oceanography, Visakhapatnam, India
5 : Indian National Center for Ocean Information Services, Hyderabad, India
6 : Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, NOAA, Princeton, N.J., USA
7 : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement/Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat: Expérimentation et Approches Numériques, Paris, France
8 : Department of Marine Science, University of Southern Mississippi, Stennis Space Center, USA
9 : Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass., USA
Source Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union (0096-3941) (American Geophysical Union), 2009-02 , Vol. 90 , N. 7 , P. 53-60
DOI 10.1029/2009EO070001
Keyword(s) IndOOS, Bay of Bengal, Cyclone Nargis
Abstract Cyclone Nargis (Figure 1a) made landfall in Myanmar (formerly Burma) on 2 May 2008 with sustained winds of approximately 210 kilometers per hour, equivalent to a category 3–4 hurricane. In addition, Nargis brought approximately 600 millimeters of rain and a storm surge of 3–4 meters to the low-lying and densely populated Irrawaddy River delta. In its wake, the storm left an estimated 130,000 dead or missing and more than $10 billion in economic losses. It was the worst natural disaster to strike the Indian Ocean region since the 26 December 2004 tsunami and the worst recorded natural disaster ever to affect Myanmar.
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