Oceans and Human Health: A Rising Tide of Challenges and Opportunities for Europe

Type Article
Date 2014-08
Language English
Author(s) Fleming L. E.1, McDonough N.2, Austen M.3, Mee L.4, Moore Michelle1, 3, Hess PhilippORCID5, Depledge M. H.1, White M.1, Philippart Katja6, Bradbrook P.1, Smalley A.1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Exeter, Sch Med, European Ctr Environm & Human Hlth, Truro TR1 3AE, Cornwall, England.
2 : European Marine Board, B-8400 Oostende, Belgium.
3 : PML, Plymouth PL1 3DH, Devon, England.
4 : SAMS, Oban PA37 1QA, Argyll, Scotland.
5 : IFREMER, Nantes 03, France.
6 : Royal Netherlands Inst Sea Res, NL-1797 SZ Texel, Netherlands.
Source Marine Environmental Research (0141-1136) (Elsevier Sci Ltd), 2014-08 , Vol. 99 , P. 16-19
DOI 10.1016/j.marenvres.2014.05.010
WOS© Times Cited 42
Keyword(s) Harmful algal blooms, Microbial pollution, Anthropogenic chemicals, Marine biotechnology, Climate change, Ocean acidification, Fisheries, Aquaculture, Seafood, Blue carbon, Marine energy, Blue gym, Ocean literacy, Risks, Benefits, EU policy
Abstract The European Marine Board recently published a position paper on linking oceans and human health as a strategic research priority for Europe. With this position paper as a reference, the March 2014 Cornwall Oceans and Human Health Workshop brought together key scientists, policy makers, funders, business, and non governmental organisations from Europe and the US to review the recent interdisciplinary and cutting edge research in oceans and human health specifically the growing evidence of the impacts of oceans and seas on human health and wellbeing (and the effects of humans on the oceans). These impacts are a complex mixture of negative influences (e.g. from climate change and extreme weather to harmful algal blooms and chemical pollution) and beneficial factors (e.g. from natural products including seafood to marine renewable energy and wellbeing from interactions with coastal environments). Integrated approaches across disciplines, institutions, and nations in science and policy are needed to protect both the oceans and human health and wellbeing now and in the future.
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