Physiological changes in Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas exposed to the herpesvirus OsHV-1 μvar

Type Article
Date 2014-08
Language English
Author(s) Tamayo David1, 2, Corporeau Charlotte1, Petton Bruno1, Quere Claudie1, Pernet FabriceORCID1
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, Lab Sci Environm Marin, LEMAR, UMR 6539, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : Univ Pais Vasco Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, Fac Ciencia & Tecnol, Dept GAFFA Anim Physiol, Bilbao 48080, Spain.
Source Aquaculture (0044-8486) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2014-08 , Vol. 432 , P. 304-310
DOI 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2014.05.023
WOS© Times Cited 18
Keyword(s) Crassostrea gigas, Energetic reserves, Energetic metabolism, Enzyme activity, OsHV-1, Temperature
Abstract Since 2008, mass mortality events of Crassostrea gigas have been occurring along the French coast when seawater temperature exceeds 16ºC. These mortality events are related to a particular genotype of the ostreid herpesvirus named OsHV-1 μvar. The present study aimed to detail various physiological aspects underlying the onset of the disease. In the laboratory, both exposed (infected) and naïve (healthy) oysters were maintained at 13.0°C and 20.6ºC. These temperatures were respectively lower and higher than the threshold values of 16°C at which the disease generally occur. At 20.6ºC, exposed oysters were characterized by a reduction in energetic reserves (carbohydrates and triglycerides) together with a decrease in protein content. Sterols levels were lower in exposed oysters than in naïve individuals, irrespective of temperature. Finally, activities of some key enzymes related to energetics were similar in exposed and naïve oysters and did not change with temperature. This result suggests that although energetic reserves were being diminished in infected oysters, their metabolic activities remained similar to that of healthy animals.
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