Control of Quaternary sea-level changes on gas seeps

Type Article
Date 2014-07
Language English
Author(s) Riboulot VincentORCID, Thomas Yannick, Berne Serge, Jouet Gwenael, Cattaneo AntonioORCID
Affiliation(s) IFREMER, Inst CARNOT EDROME, REM GM, Plouzane, France.
Univ Perpignan Via Domitia, Perpignan, France.
Source Geophysical Research Letters (0094-8276) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2014-07 , Vol. 41 , N. 14 , P. 4970-4977
DOI 10.1002/2014GL060460
WOS© Times Cited 20
Note This article has been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but has not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process, which may lead to differences between this version and the Version of Record.
Abstract Gas seeping to the seafloor through structures such as pockmarks may contribute significantly to the enrichment of atmospheric greenhouse gases and global warming. Gas seeps in the Gulf of Lions, Western Mediterranean, are cyclical and pockmark “life” is governed both by sediment accumulation on the continental margin and Quaternary climate changes. 3D seismic data, correlated to multi-proxy analysis of a deep borehole, have shown that these pockmarks are associated with oblique chimneys. The prograding chimney geometry demonstrates the syn-sedimentary and long-lasting functioning of the gas seeps. Gas chimneys have reworked chronologically constrained stratigraphic units and have functioned episodically, with maximum activity around sea-level lowstands. Therefore, we argue that one of the main driving mechanisms responsible for their formation is the variation in hydrostatic pressure driven by relative sea-level changes.
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