Antarctic icebergs: A significant natural ocean sound source in the Southern Hemisphere

Type Article
Date 2014-08
Language English
Author(s) Matsumoto Haru1, 2, Bohnenstiehl Delwayne R.3, Tournadre Jean4, Dziak Robert P.1, 2, Haxel Joseph H.1, 2, Lau T. -K. A.1, 2, Fowler Matt1, 2, Salo Sigrid A.2
Affiliation(s) 1 : Oregon State Univ, Cooperat Inst Marine Resources Studies, Newport, OR 97365 USA.
2 : NOAA, Pacific Marine Environm Lab, Acoust Program, Seattle, WA 98115 USA.
3 : N Carolina State Univ, Dept Marine Earth & Atmospher Sci, Raleigh, NC 27695 USA.
4 : IFREMER, Lab Oceanog Spatiale, Plouzane, France.
Source Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems (1525-2027) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2014-08 , Vol. 15 , N. 8 , P. 3448-3458
DOI 10.1002/2014GC005454
WOS© Times Cited 21
Keyword(s) Antarctica, iceberg, ocean noise, seasonality, trend
Abstract In late 2007, two massive icebergs, C19a and B15a, drifted into open water and slowly disintegrated in the southernmost Pacific Ocean. Archived acoustic records show that the high-intensity underwater sounds accompanying this breakup increased ocean noise levels at mid-to-equatorial latitudes over a period of ∼1.5 years. More typically, seasonal variations in ocean noise, which are characterized by austral summer-highs and winter-lows, appear to be modulated by the annual cycle of Antarctic iceberg drift and subsequent disintegration. This seasonal pattern is observed in all three Oceans of the Southern Hemisphere. The life cycle of Antarctic icebergs affects not only marine ecosystem but also the sound environment in far-reaching areas and must be accounted for in any effort to isolate anthropogenic or climate-induced noise contributions to the ocean soundscape.
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Matsumoto Haru, Bohnenstiehl Delwayne R., Tournadre Jean, Dziak Robert P., Haxel Joseph H., Lau T. -K. A., Fowler Matt, Salo Sigrid A. (2014). Antarctic icebergs: A significant natural ocean sound source in the Southern Hemisphere. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 15(8), 3448-3458. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GC005454 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00205/31613/