||Joubert Caroline1, Linard Clementine1, 2, Le Moullac Gilles1, Soyez Claude1, Saulnier Denis1, Teaniniuraitemoana Vaihiti1, 2, Ky Chin-Long1, Gueguen Yannick1
||1 : Labex Corail, IFREMER, Ctr Pacifique, UMR Ecosyst Insulaires Oceaniens 241, Tahiti, France.
2 : Univ French Polynesia, UMR Ecosyst Insulaires Oceaniens 241, Tahiti, France.
||Plos One (1932-6203) (Public Library Science), 2014-08 , Vol. 9 , N. 8 , P. e103944
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||In this study, we analyzed the combined effect of microalgal concentration and temperature on the shell growth of the bivalve Pinctada margaritifera and the molecular mechanisms underlying this biomineralization process. Shell growth was measured after two months of rearing in experimental conditions, using calcein staining of the calcified structures. Molecular mechanisms were studied though the expression of 11 genes encoding proteins implicated in the biomineralization process, which was assessed in the mantle. We showed that shell growth is influenced by both microalgal concentration and temperature, and that these environmental factors also regulate the expression of most of the genes studied. Gene expression measurement of shell matrix protein thereby appears to be an appropriate indicator for the evaluation of the biomineralization activity in the pearl oyster P. margaritifera under varying environmental conditions. This study provides valuable information on the molecular mechanisms of mollusk shell growth and its environmental control.
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