Hydrogen and copper isotope analysis of turquoise by SIMS: Calibration and matrix effects

Type Article
Date 2015-02
Language English
Author(s) Othmane Guillaume1, Hull Sharon1, Fayek Mostafa1, Rouxel OlivierORCID2, Geagea Majdi Lahd3, Kyser T. Kurtis3
Affiliation(s) 1 : Dept. of Geological Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada
2 : IFREMER, Centre de Brest, Plouzané 29280, France
3 : Dept. of Geological Sciences, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
Source Chemical Geology (0009-2541) (Elsevier), 2015-02 , Vol. 395 , P. 41-49
DOI 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.11.024
WOS© Times Cited 18
Keyword(s) Turquoise, SIMS, Copper isotopes, Hydrogen isotopes, Matrix effects
Abstract The hydrogen isotope system is used extensively to provide information on the genesis of minerals (e.g., source of fluids and mechanisms of precipitation). The copper isotopic system is less well understood, but has the potential to provide valuable insight on mineral precipitation, particularly supergene Cu-rich minerals. Here we present a rapid and precise method for measuring hydrogen and copper isotopes in semi-precious gem-quality turquoise (Cu(Al,Fe3 +)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O ) by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). The suitability of standards for instrumental mass fractionation (IMF) calibration was assessed by external precision of SIMS measurements for each standard (2-4‰ for δDIMF and 0.2-0.4‰ for δ65CuIMF). IMF in turquoise was correlated with H and Fe contents for D/H measurements and Fe content for 65Cu/63Cu measurements. Based on these correlations, IMF can be corrected to enable δD and δ65Cu analyses by SIMS with accuracies of ± 5‰ and ± 0.5‰, respectively. The precision and accuracy of SIMS thus rivals those of other mass spectrometric methods for H and Cu isotopes and demonstrates the potential of SIMS applications in identifying gemstones provenance and understanding the genesis of turquoise deposits.
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