Comparison of spaceborne measurements of sea surface salinity and colored detrital matter in the Amazon plume

Type Article
Date 2015-05
Language English
Author(s) Fournier Severine1, Chapron Bertrand1, Salisbury J.2, Vandemark Douglas2, Reul NicolasORCID1
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, Lab Oceanog Spatiale, Brest, France.
2 : Univ New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 USA.
Source Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans (0148-0227) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2015-05 , Vol. 120 , N. 5 , P. 3177-3192
DOI 10.1002/2014JC010109
WOS© Times Cited 31
Note Special Section: Early scientific results from the salinity measuring satellites Aquarius/SAC-D and SMOS
Keyword(s) Amazon-Orinoco river plume, SMOS SSS, conservative mixing, ocean color, salinity, satellite oceanography
Abstract Large rivers are key hydrologic components in oceanography, particularly regarding air-sea and land-sea exchanges and biogeochemistry. We enter now in a new era of Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) observing system from Space with the recent launches of the ESA Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) and the NASA Aquarius/Sac-D missions. With these new sensors, we are now in an excellent position to revisit SSS and ocean color investigations in the tropical northwest Atlantic using multi-year remote sensing time series and concurrent in situ observations. The Amazon is the world's largest river in terms of discharge. In its plume, SSS and upper water column optical properties such as the absorption coefficient of colored detrital matter (acdm) are strongly negatively correlated (<-0.7). Local quasi-linear relationships between SSS and acdm are derived for these plume waters over the period of 2010-2013 using new spaceborne SSS and ocean color measurements. Results allow unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution of this coupling. These relationships are then used to estimate SSS in the Amazon plume based on ocean color satellite data. This new product is validated against SMOS and in situ data and compared with previously developed SSS retrieval models. We demonstrate the potential to estimate tropical Atlantic SSS for the extended period from 1998 to 2010, prior to spaceborne SSS data collection.
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Fournier Severine, Chapron Bertrand, Salisbury J., Vandemark Douglas, Reul Nicolas (2015). Comparison of spaceborne measurements of sea surface salinity and colored detrital matter in the Amazon plume. Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans, 120(5), 3177-3192. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :